One way to understand Restorative Yoga and its place in the yoga pantheon is as a bridge between active asana and meditation. Active asana creates spaciousness, stretching, and expanding in a very active way. The practitioner is the doer and the body responds as the receiver.
In Restorative Yoga, there is opening and expansion but no active stretching. Restorative yoga poses do not increase range of motion or build strength. Props are utilized to create sensations of complete comfort so practitioners are only the receiver but not the doer.
The tension addressed in a Restorative Yoga practice is more than just muscular tightness which comes from the result of use, such as with weight-lifting or running, though that kind of physical tension is also released in the course of practice. Tension in the context of restorative practice is defined by Jillian Pransky as “the body’s way of forming resistance over places of vulnerability”, which means the practice addresses tension that includes both a physical and psycho-emotional component.
Consequently, Restorative Yoga is particularly effective for managing conditions such as anxiety, depression, chronic fatigue, chronic pain, high blood pressure, gastrointestinal disorders, as well as other stress-related disorders. Restorative Yoga is also ideal for anyone recovering from illness or injury.